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Graves Disease - Symptoms and Treatment
Graves disease is a thyroid disorder characterized by goiter , exophthalmos , "orange-peel" skin, and hyperthyroidism . It is caused by an autoantibody (called thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin, TSI) that acts like thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and that causes the thyroid gland to produce excess thyroid hormone. High levels of thyroid hormones can cause side effects such as weight loss, rapid heart rate and nervousness. This is an uncommon disease that affects 2 percent of all women at some time in their lives. Graves' Disease also tends to affect women between the ages of 20 and 40, although it occurs in infants, children, and the elderly. Graves' disease may cause symptoms and signs such as weight loss, increased appetite, hand tremors, heat sensitivity, sweating, nervousness, and in some patients, protruding eyes. Patients with the disease often have an increased heart rate and an enlarged but not painful thyroid gland (goiter).
The most common form of hyperthyroidism is Graves' disease. In newborns, the most common cause of an overactive thyroid is called neonatal Graves disease, which can be life threatening. However, hyperthyroidism rarely occurs in children and adolescents. It is named after Robert Graves, the 19th century Irish physician who first discovered the condition. In Graves' disease, the thyroid gland in the neck is diffusely enlarged and hyperactive, producing excessive thyroid hormones. Graves' disease can have an effect on many parts of the body such as the nervous system, eyes, skin, hair/nails, lungs, digestive system, muscles/bones and reproductive system.
Causes of Graves Disease
Common Causes of Graves Disease :
Symptoms of Graves Disease
Some common Symptoms of Graves Disease :
Treatment of Graves Disease
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